Waves of feminism timeline

Feminist Timeline

Timeline: the Three Waves of Feminism

Allison Miller, UC Irvine

First Wave of Feminism

1845 to 1945, mostly Anglo-American and European

Women's struggles to gain equal rights with men began in the late 1700's and early 1800's when influential thinkers of the time questioned established political and religious authority and stressed the importance of reason, equality, and liberty.

Northern female "Abolitionists" (in reference to the movement to abolish slavery) link emancipation of the slaves to a greater female role in the national life. But these women tended to be somewhat conservative socially, and based their claims for a greater say in American life upon their value as mothers and homemakers.

A woman suffrage amendment was first introduced in the US Congress in 1878. It failed to pass but was reintroduced in every session of Congress for the next 40 years. "Suffrage" refers to the right to vote.

The drive towards female equality was slowed down by the ethos of "manly virtue" promoted by Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough Riders in the 1890's up until around World War I. This "manly virtue" fits in with Frederick Jackson Turner's thesis about the need for America continually to redefine and renew its "heroic" march westwards. The Women's Movement, such as it was, had to take a back seat while Teddy and his boys forged a new Imperial America.

During World War I (1914-1918), the contributions of women to the war effort increased support for a suffrage amendment.

In 1918, the House of Representatives held another vote on the issue. Spectators packed the galleries, and several congressmen came to vote despite illness. One congressman was brought in on a stretcher. Representative Frederick C. Hicks of New York left his wife's deathbed-at her request-to vote for the amendment. The House approved the amendment, but the Senate defeated it.

In 1919, the Senate finally passed the amendment and sent it to the states for approval.

By late August 1920, the required number of states had ratified what became the 19th Amendment. The amendment says, "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex."


How was the economy in the Victorian era?

The economy was not very good due to over population in Great Britain, and many people loss their jobs. Also drugs were starting to be abused which got people addicted and sometimes lazy. This effected people's attitudes towards working which in the long run affects the economy.
Answer provided by: Logan Rupert! :0-- ---c===8

What is victorian era music?

The Victorian era was between 1837 and 1901 when Queen Victoria
reigned in Britain. Popular during that time was opera, comic
opera, musical burlesque, musical comedy, and brass bands.

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